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Database Tutorials

L'Annee Philologique (APh)

L'Annee Philologique (APh) is a database that in itself does not hold the actual articles, like Academic Search Premier or JSTOR would. Instead, APh is a bibliographic database - meaning that it holds the citation information of a ton of different articles and journals, if not the article itself. However, as will be explained below, APh will help direct you to get Full-Text of the articles that you find there.

APh is a database for research regarding Classical Studies. So although the time period is limited mostly to Ancient Greece and Rome, topics covered in APh include "Greek and Latin literature and linguistics—which includes early Christian texts and patristics—Greek and Roman history, art, archaeology, philosophy, religion, mythology, music, science, and scholarly subspecialties such as numismatics, papyrology, and epigraphy." 



Simple Search

You will automatically be brought to the Simple Search page if you get to APh from anywhere on our websites. If you're just looking to browse articles on your topic without much concern for specificity, you may want to use the Simple Search function. The Simple Search page looks like this:

Screenshot APh Simple Search

  • Type your search terms into the text boxes
    • You'll notice there are two difference headers here: Free Search and Thematic search - general
    • In Free Search: if you want to search for a keyword, or in any of the bibliographic fields (author, publisher, article title, journal title, abstract, etc) - type your search terms into the top box. If you are just interested in searching by author (of the article), use the second box.
    • In Thematic search: use this if you are concerned about which disciplines you want your results from. You can use the Thematic Search from either the simple search or the advanced search and will be explained below with the rest of the advanced search options. 
  • As you start typing, APh will provide you with some suggestions. You can pick one if you would like - these are useful especially for names when you aren't sure what the usual spelling or title is in research
  • A red number will appear at the bottom of the page by the search button - this tells you before you even hit search how many results will appear. This can help you figure out if you need to narrow or broaden your search terms.
  • Click "Search" (the gray button in the bottom right corner)


Advanced Search

In advanced searching, you are given more ability to pinpoint exactly the kinds of articles you would like to see in your results. To get to Advanced Search from Simple Search, click on the "Advanced Search" sub-tab in the top left of your screen. Your screen will then look like this:

Screenshot APh advanced search

Free Search

  • Search in this box the same way you would in the Simple Search

Bibliographic Search

  • Unlike many of our other databases, there is no dropdown menu for you to choose from when it comes to searching more specifically for things like author, article title, etc.
  • Instead, choose the pre-labeled box and type your search into it. Feel free to add AND, OR, or NOT between your search terms if you need to search for more than one.
  • Author: who wrote the article - don't use this if you're looking for research about a particular Ancient Author, there's another box for this.
  • Title: of the article, not the work you're looking for research about
  • Journal or Series: if you're interested in articles from a particular journal or series of books, use this box
  • Language of Work: this one IS a dropdown menu, so if you want articles that are only in English, feel free to choose that. Keep in mind, though, that you can only choose one of these. You might have to run multiple searches if you're willing to read articles in multiple languages. 
    • Librarian suggestion: leave this box as "All Languages" until you're getting most of your results in a language you can't read. Then go back and change your choice.
  • Type of Publication: another dropdown menu, so again, you can only choose one of these options. Use this if you only want journal articles or books or pamphlets.
  • Year of Publication: type in the 4 digit year if you are concerned with when your research was published.

Thematic Search - General

When you click on that box, you're going to get another pop up that give you a list of very broad topics all the way to the left of the page. It'll look something like this:

Screenshot APh Thematic Search discipline tree


If you click on one of the titles, another column will fill with sub-categories. Click on a sub-category, and even more specific sub-categories will populate the third column. You can keep doing this until the categories get no more specific.

  • If you want to search for any of these categories - no matter how general or specific - click the checkbox to the left of that term.
  • Then decide if you want to search for articles in ANY of those disciplines or ALL of those disciplines.
    •  If you want to search any of the disciplines, leave the selected button at the very top of the box to being selected on "OR"
    • If you want to search all of those disciplines, simply select the circle next to "AND"
  • Once you're decided on which disciplines you want to search, click on the "Insert/Close" link in the top right corner.

Thematic Search - Specific

You have two options here: "All Index Terms" and "Ancient author and text". These are used when there are a lot of different words used for the topic/person you're researching about. APh has gone through and used standardized language to make searching for any given topic more precise. 

The best way to use both of these is to click on the "Browse" link to the right of that line. A box will come up that looks like this:

Screenshot APh Index Searching

  • Depending on which index you're browsing (if you're browsing all index terms or just authors and works), the actual terms may look slightly different, but the process is the same for both.
  • Start by typing in the term that you are familiar with into the search box.
    • Disclaimer: this search will only go alphabetically. It won't even attempt to give you something related, it'll just drop you in the index closest to where your search term is.
    • Sometimes, you'll come across the word you typed with a ">" and another word - this is a good thing! Select this option! This means that APh recognizes the word you put in as one that is used sometimes in research, but they've chosen another option as their indexed, standardized term.
  • Once you've found the term you're looking for, click the paper with an arrow icon to add it to your search.
  • Continue those steps until you're satisfied with your search term list.
  • Click the "Insert/Close" link in the top right corner.



For all the search boxes, as with the Simple Search, APh will provide you with some terms suggestions as you type. You can pick one if you would like - these are useful especially for names when you aren't sure what the usual spelling or title is in research.

And also a red number will appear at the bottom of the page by the search button - this tells you before you even hit search how many results will appear. This can help you figure out if you need to narrow or broaden your search terms.


When you are ready, click the gray "Search" button

Searching Tips!
  • You and not obligated to type a term into every single box! Use only the ones you need! 
  • Not sure which word ending to use?
    • Attach an * to the base of your term, and the database will search for words that start with that string of letter, regardless of what the ending is.
    • Example: searching for poli* will pull results for policy, politics, political, politicians, etc.
    • You can see up above that I used one at the end of "feminis*" so I would get results for both "feminist" and "feminism", but not things like "feminine", which is missing the "s".
  • Want to search for an entire phrase? 
    • Surround your phrase with " ", and the database will search for those words in that order without anything in between
    • Example: "critical feminist theory" will return results JUST with those exact words in that exact order. So you won't get results that are something along the lines of "Feminists are critical of X theory".




Limiting and Reading Results

Once you click the search button, you will get a list of resources, which will look like the image below:

Screenshot APh Results page

From here, you can:

  • See the Author Name, Title Name, Year Published, and Document Type
  • Check to see if Geisel Library owns this article by clicking on the button all the way to the right that will bring you to WebBridge.
  • Click into the resource's record to find more information by clicking on the title



You cannot filter your results from the results page like you can in most other databases.

Instead, click on "Refine Search" in the top right corner of the page to edit your search terms.



Reading an Article Record

If you click on an item's title to see more information, you'll get a page that looks like this:

Screenshot APh Record View


In this view you'll see all kinds of information about your resource:

  • Type: what kind of source you are looking at. Ex: article, book, magazine, newspaper, periodical, ebook, audio recording, photo
  • Author: who wrote the article/book. You can click on this name and see all the other articles written by this person (that are in this database).
  • Title of Article
  • Title of Publication: What's the name of the journal/book (if it's a book chapter) in which this article was published
  • Volume (year) pages: citation information, primarily for journals. This will list the volume, then the year of publication in parentheses, and the inclusive pages of your article. This is helpful for when you are writing your citations or if you need to request an ILL.
  • Language
  • ISSN/ISBN and DOI: these are identifying numbers. Helpful to include them if you have to request an ILL or want to search the web/another database for this item.
  • Abstract: A short summary of what the article is about.
  • Classification Details: These are basically all just subject terms, or words that describe what the article is about. These are all links, so if you click on one of the terms, the database will automatically create a search for that term as a subject term and return all the other items that have that same subject term. These use the same terms that are in the indexes.
  • External Links: Because APh does not actually have the articles in the database itself, usually it will provide links to the publisher's website or another database (like JSTOR) that does have access to that article. Try these links first to see if you can get access to this article on the web.


From this screen you can:

  • Find the Full-Text: more below on Full-Text, but there will be a WebBridge button in the top left of your screen that you can click on, as well as the before-mentioned External Links.
  • Export the citation information to a Bibliographic Management Software (ZoteroEndNoteMendeley, etc.), or Microsoft Word or Excel.
  • Cite the article:
    • simply click the button on the top that says "To cite this record", and a grey box will appear at the top of the record.
    • Look through the list of citation styles on the screen.
    • You can copy and paste this information
    • For more information on citing articles, see below.

Getting Full-Text

When looking for full articles in L'Annee Philologique, always look for either the WebBridge button or External links. You can only see the External links from inside the Record View of the article, but you can use WebBridge from either the result list or the Record View. The button will look different in this database, and will look like either of the icons below:

screenshot APh WebBridge link 1 OR screenshot APh webbridge link 2

So when in doubt, look for either of these and you'll get your article. There are a few ways to get the full article you are looking for, and a few different screens you can do it from.


From the Results List

From the search results page, there will be a WebBridge link link at the far right of each item. Click that link and you'll be brought to the WebBridge page (see more on that below)

Screenshot APh results list getting to WebBridge


From the Record View

You can also find the full text of an article from the full item record. From the results page, if you click on the title of the resource you want to look at, there will be a link in the top left center of the screen for WebBridge. However, there will also be External Links at the bottom of this page that will bring you to the publisher website or other databases that have this article in full. Click on those to see if you can get the article from one of those sources. This is what that screen will look like:

Screenshot APh getting article from record view



Using WebBridge

WebBridge is an application we use here in Geisel Library when articles are not available in full text in the database you searched. This means we either have access to said article in another database, we have it in print in the library, or we don't have access to it at all and you'll have to use Interlibrary Loan to get it.

When you click on the WebBridge link, one of three things will be displayed.

  1. a list of databases where the article can be found in full,
  2. instructions on how to find the print text in the library, or
  3. a link to Interlibrary Loan if we have no access to this article online or in print.
If Geisel Library has the article in full in another database

Your screen will look like this:

WebBridge Other Databases Available Screenshot

To see the full text of this article, simply click on the link to one of the databases shown, and you will automatically be taken to the article in full in that database.

If Geisel Library has the article in print

Your screen will look like this:

WebBridge journal in print screenshot

Click on the "Check here for Location" link provided, and you'll be brought to the library catalog, where you can see where in the building the title you're looking for lives, and what volumes (if it's a journal article) we own. That page will look like this:

Library Catalog record screenshot


You will have to come into the library itself to retrieve these items. If you can't find what you're looking for, feel free to ask someone at the Reference or Periodicals Desk for help. We're happy to assist!

If Geisel Library does not have access at all

Fear not! You can still get said article! Your screen will look like this:

WebBridge InterLibrary Loan screenshot

If this is your screen, simply click on the "Geisel Library Interlibrary Loan (ILL)" link. You will be redirected automatically to a login page for ILL, which will look like this:

ILL Login

Type in your SAC Username (the first half of your email address, before the @), and then your password is your student ID number (including the beginning letter, probably an S). Once you login, WebBridge will fill in all the information you need about the article, so you will be shown a screen that looks like this:

ILL Request screenshotSimply click the "Submit Request" button at the bottom of the screen (you may have to scroll down), and you're all set! You should receive an email from our Interlibrary Loan Office that explains where you can retrieve your article when it is available. If you have any other questions about Interlibrary Loan, feel free to look through our ILL page, or you can contact the ILL Office directly.


Citing an Article

To cite an article, go into the Record View of the article. Then click the link that says "To cite this record" in the top left-center of the page:

Screenshot L'Annee Philologique create citation


A box will appear with a list of citations that looks like this:

Screenshot L'APh citations

Choose your citation style from the options that display (MHRA, MLA, APA, or Chicago Notes-Bibliography). Click on the teal "Copy" button to the right side of the page and then paste into your document.


NOTE: Double check the citation to make sure the information and formatting is correct!!! Our databases pull information automatically from places it thinks the information should be and may not be able to format it correctly. Always always check the citation given to you by the database against the regulations given in the respective handbook for your citation style.

If you have any questions about citing sources, you can check out our Research Guide on the topic.